My design calls for the weight of the pergola to be sustained by the house itself rather than the pergola. The weight of a full pergola would be enough to crack paver stones, creating a potentially dangerous situation. Alternately we could dig out the pavers and create footings, which would be more than we wanted to do on this property.
Steps: 1. Select the site for the pergola and mark the placement of the four posts. Use a post-hole digger or two-person auger to dig holes to a depth of 24" and width of 9". Add a few inches of gravel to the bottom of the holes for drainage. Insert 4" x 4" posts in holes. Ensure the posts are level and plumb.
Once your pergola posts are installed and/or your wall-mounted pergola frame is in place , its time to build your elevated pergola frame. This includes a solid perimeter of doubled-up 2x6s, although each 2×6 board is placed individually so the support is multi-directional.
Step 2. Install a ledger board that will be used to secure the support beams to the side of the house. Mount a 16 foot, 1-by-6 board for the ledger section of the pergola to the side of your house. Drill holes into the 1-by-6 board and into the framing of your house with the power drill.
Mike Lovewell from Heartland Pergolas explains how our pergola rafters install onto the ledger board and structures. If you have additional questions do not hesitate to call our Heartland line at
The roof boards for our pergola plans are a series of 2-by-8s set on edge, with their ends cut to a decorative shape you can make your own design, or download ours . An optional effect is to notch the roof boards bottom edges to straddle the crossbeams.
Unique Requirements for Wall-Leaning Pergolas. By attaching your pergola to the side of your home, youre putting a lot of weight on that ledger board or wall . That means the connection between the ledger board and house is very important, as is the connection between the rafter beams and the ledger board.
Another way to attach a pergola to your home is by using a ledger board that you can attach to your homes wall. Use galvanized or stainless steel screws to attach it securely to the wall and then run the rafters from the ledger board to the beam on the other side that is supported by the posts placed as normal.
How to Design and Cut Signature Rafter Tails for a Pergola MORE PERGOLA PLANS. * PLUS: How to Plan and Post the Perfect Pergola. * FAQs: Mark Answers Readers' Questions About Building Pergolas. * EARLIER: How to Build a Backyard Pergola With 3-D Plans * WOODWORKING: More Simple DIY Plans From
Lay out the pergola accurately, using batter boards and string; Plumb the posts using post level clips and braces; Use adjustable post anchors to secure the 4×4 wooden posts . Time. One weekends, two workers . How to build a pergola attached to the house
The pergola, shown below, made from the lean-to pergola plans, has the rafters running from the ledger board, attached to the house, to the main rafter, supported by the posts. Notice how there is ample room for the ledger board between the window and soffits/fascia.
How to Build a pergola Setting the posts. Set the post in the holes and pour in a bag of Quikrete. Soak it with water. Now take your level and make sure your posts are level. Once they are, brace each one on at least 3 sides with your 2 x 4s by nailing them to the 6 x 6s and staking the 2 x 4s into the ground.
Building Your Pergola. You will need a total of 4 header boards for the pergola. A simple curve design on the end of each header board adds to the character of the piece. Trace a curve design to your liking on the two ends of the header board and then cut out easily with the jigsaw. Once you have your first board cut use it to trace the other 3 for exact replicas.
How to Build a Pergola Frame. The outer frame boards are attached to the wall-mounted frame and/or the pergola posts with mitered corners where possible , while the inner frame boards are attached to the outer frame as well as the inside corners of everything 90-degree angles only .
How to build a pergola attached to the house. Setting out the attached pergola. First of all, you have to set out the perimeter of the attached pergola. Therefore, in order to get the job done like a pro, we recommend you to build several batter boards from 2×4 wooden slats, and to install them as in the image.
Step 3. Attaching the Ledger Board to the House. The ledger board fixings also offer a secure base for the rafter beams and are strong enough to carry the weight of any climbing plants that are grown up the structure. Pre-drill the pilot holes, which helps prevent the wood from splitting, using a 3mm wood bit.
How to Build a Pergola for Backyard Shade Step 1: Install the Pergola Posts. Step 2: Make Pyramid Cuts. Step 3: Place the Crossbeams. Step 4: Shape the Lap Joints. Step 5: Raise the Roof Boards. Step 6: Install Optional Lattice Panels. Step 7: Apply a Finish.
Attached pergola with ledger board. Step 3. Attach the ledger boards to the house with lag bolts for wood wall or anchor bolts for concrete wall . A lag or anchor every 16 is enough. Step 4. Attach corner rafter to posts with one bolt per post 6 x 3/8 washers and nuts.
The author finishes rough-sawn cedar for a pergola, prior to assembly. That way, he can work on the ground; also, no surfaces are buried in joints and hidden from the brush. The rough-sawn wood thirstily sucked in the stain, and each coat took more than 24 hours to dry.
Because our pergola is large 20 x 11 to be exact , it took multiple boards for each purlin. To make sure they were super sturdy, we cut the 2×3 boards so they broke over a pergola cross beam. So each purlin had to be measured to make sure the cuts were braced on the center of the beams see where the extra set of hands comes in nicely .
A pergola that is attached to your house can be a great addition; its a good way to create a useful sheltered outdoor area and give you shade from the sun. It will also add to the visual appeal
Simple to build, this basic garden pergola measures about 8 feet wide by 16 feet long and requires only low-cost materials and minimal carpentry skills. Permits, Zoning, and Utilities Your pergola might require a building permit if it falls within certain size or structure-type criteria for backyard structures.
How to attach a pergola. Another way to attach a pergola to your home is by using a ledger board that you can attach to your homes wall. Use galvanized or stainless steel screws to attach it securely to the wall and then run the rafters from the ledger board to the beam on the other side that is supported by the posts placed as normal.
Secure the trimpieces to the posts with construction adhesive and galvanized finishing nails. Use 2 x 6 stock for the diagonal braces. Cut the ends to length at 45 degrees, and use a flexible stick to lay out the shallow curve on the lower edge of each brace. Fasten the braces to the posts and beams with screws.
The second deck board is cut to length and slots directly between the posts. For the next two or three boards, I cut them to finished length and install with a 1/2-in. overhang just like the first piece. The remaining boards run long.